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Rural Economic Development

Updated: May 4, 2022

In rural economic development, the primary objective is to raise the economic

and social level of the people residing in rural areas. Rural development itself

implies more extraordinary social transformation and the economic betterment

of people. It is essentially the process of improving or uplifting the living

conditions of the rural people. Rural development is a constant process of

improving these people's quality of life and economic well-being, and it is often

relatively isolated and sparsely populated areas. On the other hand, rural

development has classically centred on exploiting natural resources, which are

land intensive such as forestry and agriculture. However, increased urbanization

and changes in global production networks have changed the character of rural

areas. Tourism, local manufacturers, and recreation have increasingly replaced

resource extraction and agriculture as dominant economic drivers.

People that engage and work closely with rural economic development

passionately believe that rural communities can definitely transform and

become revitalized, creative entrepreneurial centres. In contrast to the view that

it harms the economy, it can offer many attractions, including a greater sense of

community, lower costs, slower pace of life and lack of congestion.

Additionally, these areas have built-in advantages for certain businesses such as agriculture. Furthermore, technological advancements make it possible for rustic businesses to reach potential customers across the country and worldwide without sacrificing their traditional rural lifestyle.

Rural communities cannot and will not succeed on a grand scale on their own,

however. Rural success stories often reflect the many sizable vision and the

hard work of the people in business, entrepreneurs and local community leaders, who have often involved injections of public funding and other policy support

at critical moments.

Some critical points to note are:

1. Rural economic development should focus on the unique strengths of each

area rather than concentrating on a generic field of production.

2. The contextual economic unit for strategic purposes should include rural

areas and adjacent urban centres.

3. Rural economic development should address and harness the efficient

spatial distribution of economic activity rather than attempt to replicate urban


4. A single national rural policy is unlikely to be meaningful and successful

5. Each community should bear responsibility for its economic success, not

just the government.

6. Central and state governments need to provide the rural regions with

appropriate finances and the necessary tools to develop and execute an effective

strategy for sustainability.

In conclusion, sustainable rural development is vital for social,

economic, and environmental viability. It is vital for poverty eradication since

global poverty is overwhelmingly present in rural areas. The indication of

poverty goes beyond the urban-rural divide; it has sub-regional and regional

contexts. Therefore, it is critical and of great value to coordinate rural

development initiatives that contribute to sustainable livelihoods through local,

regional, global, and national efforts. Strategies that deal with rural economic

development must consider the remoteness and potentials in rural areas and

provide targeted differentiated approaches.

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